Zhumell Z114’s The Optical Tube
The Zhumell Z114’s optical tube is a 114mm f/3.9 Newtonian reflector with a focal length of 450mm. An f/3.9 telescope does have a fair amount of coma, which unfortunately just has to be ignored with this instrument as a 1.25” coma corrector does not currently exist and would cost more than the Z114 itself in any case. The good news is that coma is only an issue with the widest possible fields of view and lowest magnifications, and when viewing many targets, you’ll tend to want to use more medium magnification anyway.
Unlike most smaller 100mm instruments, the Z114 can be easily collimated and comes with a parabolic primary mirror that has undergone at least some quality control, so it has no trouble providing sharp images of the Moon, planets, and double stars.
The Zhumell Z114’s focuser is a 1.25” rack-and-pinion unit made mostly of plastic, which works fine. Some units may have a bit of wobble when focusing, which can be fixed with the strategic placement of tape strips on the drawtube and the addition of quality grease or lubricant to the teeth.
The Z114’s optical tube attaches to the mount with a clamshell that allows you to rotate and slide the tube for balance and convenient positioning of the finder and eyepiece; for mounting the telescope on a full-sized mount or tripod, you’ll need tube rings and a Vixen-style dovetail.
Accessories supplied with Z114
The Zhumell Z114 includes two 1.25” Kellner eyepieces, a 17mm unit providing 24x and a 10mm unit providing 45x. These are acceptable quality eyepieces, but neither has a rubber eyeguard and the 17mm will show some edge-of-field aberrations, while the 10mm is rather uncomfortable to look through. The good news is that any quality telescope like the Z114 will allow you to interchange any 1.25” eyepieces you’d like, and the included ones are adequate enough to get you started. Few beginner telescopes come with eyepieces that we’d call anything other than adequate anyway, and the Z114 costs less than some individual high-quality oculars do by themselves.
For aiming the Z114, a red dot finder is provided, which you can easily line up with the telescope. Thanks to the huge field of view at low power with the Z114, you can easily get used to finding deep-sky objects just by roughly aiming the red dot finder and sweeping around for a bit at the eyepiece to locate your target.
There’s no collimation cap included with the Z114, so you’ll have to buy one or make your own out of a film canister. Check out our collimation guide to learn more about collimation and how you can easily collimate your Z114.
The Tabletop Dobsonian Mount
The Z114’s mount is a single-armed tabletop “Dobsonian” mount. What constitutes a Dobsonian and the exact nomenclature is a bit of a hot topic these days, as the Z114’s altitude bearing is a ball bearing and a nut/bolt that doesn’t really use gravity to its advantage the way a true Dobsonian does. It moves side to side, riding on three small plastic pads. You can adjust the friction in altitude just by tightening the large plastic nut, while azimuth tightness requires two wrenches or pairs of pliers (or a socket wrench).
The Z114 is designed to be used on a tabletop surface, but there are other options. It can’t fit on a photo tripod like a smaller instrument, but a variety of other options will suffice, such as a milk crate, a barrel, a bar stool, the hood of a car, or an easily homemade wooden stand.
Should I buy a used Zhumell Z114?
A used Zhumell Z114 reflector is a great scope, and as of the time of this writing, these telescopes haven’t been around for very long, so it’s unlikely you’ll find one with the mirror coatings in poor condition. A Z114 with damaged mirrors is simply not worth buying, however, because recoating them costs more than an entire new telescope. Missing eyepieces or a missing finder, however, are less of a problem-though again, make sure you don’t wind up spending more on replacing those than a new instrument would cost.
The Z114 is probably the best telescope in its price range; getting a better scope is going to require a bigger budget, while the other options at and below the price of the Z114 have more compromises.
- The Zhumell Z130 is essentially a scaled-up Z114 with a slower focal ratio of f/5 and slightly better eyepieces. However, it’s bulky and heavy enough that you’re limited in where you can put it-both to use it and for transport/storage.
- The Sky-Watcher Heritage 130P is just a Z130 without the tube, with a collapsible system of struts in its place. This is great for portability, but if you observe in any kind of light-polluted or dewy conditions, you’ll need to make a foam shroud to cover the tube, and the scope tends to hold collimation less often over time.
- The Zhumell Z100 and Orion SkyScanner are essentially scaled-down versions of the Z114, but with less aperture and substantially less crisp views due to compromised optics.
- The Sarblue Mak60 sacrifices almost all aperture and accessories, but it’s a neat little scope that fits in a cup holder and requires next to no effort to use or take care of.
Aftermarket Accessory Recommendations
The Zhumell Z114 is cheap enough that we wouldn’t recommend going overboard on accessories – you could just buy a bigger scope! The main thing we’d recommend is a 6mm “gold-line” eyepiece. It’ll give you 75x with the Z114, which is more appropriate for viewing the Moon and planets. A 2x Barlow lens coupled with the 6mm provides 150x, which is nearing the limit of what this scope is capable of.
Other accessories will definitely make your viewing experience better, like perhaps a UHC nebula filter or a better low-power eyepiece, but any one of these nicer accessories is nearing half the cost of the Z114 by itself, so if your budget is bigger, we’d just recommend going for a larger scope from Zhumell if you like what you see here.
What can you see with Zhumell Z114?
The Zhumell Z114’s wide field of view makes it a great instrument for low-power sweeping and finding your way around the sky. You’ll have no trouble locating dozens of exciting open clusters and many of the bright emission nebulae such as Orion, the Lagoon, and the Swan. Under a dark sky and/or with a nebula filter, you can also spot the Rosette and Veil, two huge nebulae that span across the entire field of view at low magnification. Under a typical suburban sky, Andromeda and a few dozen of the brightest spiral and elliptical galaxies can be seen, but with little detail. Pop the Z114 into the trunk and, under dark skies, you’ll have no trouble spotting Andromeda’s dust lanes, M33’s spiral arms, and features in brighter galaxies like M81, M82, and NGC 7331. M51’s spiral arms are even just barely visible, but they’re too small to clearly resolve, and cranking up the magnification will dim the galaxy to near-invisibility.
Globular star clusters are unfortunately beyond the limit of the Z114’s light-gathering and resolution abilities to see as anything more than fuzzy dots, but you can still go after many double stars and, of course, open clusters.
The Z114’s sharp optics also make it a surprisingly good lunar and planetary instrument. While it is an f/3.9 “light bucket” and collimating it well enough to get perfectly crisp views takes a while, the Z114 will have no trouble delivering views just as sharp and detailed as a high-end small refractor, at a fraction of the price and with better deep-sky views to boot. You’ll have no trouble spotting the phases of Venus and Mercury, tiny craters and mountains on the Moon, and the ice caps on Mars. During the few months biannually that Mars is particularly close to Earth-what’s termed opposition by most astronomers-a few dark markings are visible on the Red Planet on a crisp and steady night, and with careful observing techniques, its outer moon Deimos can even be spotted at favorable times. Jupiter’s cloud belts are easy to see, as are the darker polar regions; the Great Red Spot, which is slowly shrinking and may or may not be red, is a bit more challenging, as are the tiny disks and shadows of its 4 large moons when they transit. Saturn’s rings are, of course, quite obvious even at low power, with the Cassini Division being resolvable most of the time-you may also be able to see a few of its moons and some pale, low-contrast cloud bands on the planet itself. Uranus and Neptune are tiny dots, nearly indistinguishable from stars at low power and with moons too faint to see-just finding the two planets can be somewhat challenging.